June 10, 2023

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The Rise of IUD Lawsuits: Exploring the Legal Controversies Surrounding This Birth Control Method

The Rise of IUD Lawsuits: Exploring the Legal Controversies Surrounding This Birth Control Method

IUDs are a popular form of birth control that many women choose over other methods. According to Reason magazine, approximately one in ten women in the United States use intrauterine devices (IUDs), which are T-shaped devices made of plastic or copper that are inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy.

In Sweden, Norway, and Finland, IUD usage rates are nearly twice as high. While these devices are not popular across all of Western and Northern Europe, they are in demand in certain parts of East and Southeast Asia.

However, as more people begin to use them, it’s becoming clear that their popularity may come with some controversy.

In this article, you’ll learn about the legal controversies surrounding IUDs and why they’re important for consumers to understand.

A Brief History of IUDs

According to Healthnews, the concept of using a pebble-shaped IUD was present before the 20th century, but its application in humans didn’t occur until the early 1900s. In the 1950s and 1960s, various modified versions of IUDs were experimented with in the United States, including those made of polyethylene tubing. In 1968, the Food and Drug Administration approved the use of IUDs in humans. Nowadays, the usage of IUDs varies widely, ranging from 2% to over 40% among women aged 15-49 worldwide.

IUDs are highly effective, with a failure rate of less than 1%, and can be used for several years before needing to be replaced.

The Rise of IUD Lawsuits

In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of lawsuits filed against IUD manufacturers. One of the most common among them is the Paragard lawsuit, which has been linked to cases of perforation, migration, and other serious complications.

Some lawsuits allege that the manufacturers of IUDs did not provide adequate warnings about potential risks, while others claim that the devices were defective and caused injury or harm.

According to TorHoerman Law, LLC (THL), if you or a loved one has received a Paragard IUD device and experienced injuries related to devise fracture, migration, or defect, you may be eligible to file a Paragard lawsuit.

The law firm adds that the exact value of a Paragard lawsuit varies depending on the specific circumstances. Nonetheless, in 2018, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries (now Bayer), the manufacturer of Paragard, proposed a settlement of $12.2 million to resolve 4,600 claims.

IUD Side Effects

While IUDs are generally considered safe and effective, there are potential side effects that can occur. These include perforation, which happens when the IUD punctures the uterine wall, expulsion, where the IUD comes out of the uterus, and infection, which can occur during or after insertion. In some cases, these side effects can lead to serious complications, including infertility, chronic pain, and even death.

As a result, many of the lawsuits filed against IUD manufacturers have alleged that they failed to adequately warn users of the risks associated with these side effects, or that they manufactured defective products that caused harm to users.

Legal Controversies

Legal controversies surrounding IUD lawsuits have arisen due to debates over various legal issues. One of the main issues is whether plaintiffs should file individual lawsuits or join a class action lawsuit. Another issue is preemption laws, which can limit the ability of plaintiffs to sue IUD manufacturers if the products have been approved by the FDA.

Additionally, the role of federal regulation in IUD lawsuits is debated, with some arguing that the FDA has not done enough to regulate the safety of IUDs. These legal controversies have made it difficult for plaintiffs to obtain compensation for injuries caused by IUDs, and have made the litigation process more complex and contentious.

Consumer Advocacy

Consumer advocacy groups have played an essential role in raising awareness of potential risks associated with IUDs and advocating for the rights of those who have been harmed. These groups often work to educate the public about the risks associated with IUDs, as well as provide information about legal options for those who have suffered harm from these devices.

Additionally, consumer advocacy groups may provide support to those who have been affected by IUDs, including emotional and legal support. These groups also play a key role in holding manufacturers accountable for any harm caused by their products, by advocating for stronger regulations and filing lawsuits on behalf of consumers.

Impacts on Access to Birth Control

According to Kaiser Family Foundation, throughout their lives, women tend to use more than one type of contraception, with an average of 3.4 methods used per person. For some women, contraception is used to manage medical conditions or prevent sexually transmitted infections, and not necessarily for pregnancy prevention. 18% of women use birth control solely for reasons other than pregnancy prevention. Additionally, 44% of women have experienced concern about an unwanted pregnancy, often due to not using birth control.

The potential impacts of IUD lawsuits on access to birth control are complex and multifaceted. On the one hand, increased awareness of potential risks associated with IUDs may lead to more cautious use of these devices, resulting in decreased availability of IUDs as a birth control option.

Additionally, lawsuits against IUD manufacturers could lead to changes in regulations and increased scrutiny from regulatory agencies, potentially making it more difficult for IUDs to be approved and available on the market.

On the other hand, consumer advocacy groups and legal action against manufacturers may also result in improved safety standards for IUDs, which could increase the availability of safer and more effective birth control options.

Ultimately, the impact on access to birth control will depend on the outcomes of these legal battles and the response of regulatory agencies to potential safety concerns.


In conclusion, IUD lawsuits have become a significant legal controversy in recent years. The rise in lawsuits is due to concerns over potential side effects, such as perforation, expulsion, and infection, and whether manufacturers have adequately warned consumers of these risks.

Legal debates have arisen over class action lawsuits, preemption laws, and federal regulation. Consumer advocacy groups have played a vital role in raising awareness of potential risks and advocating for consumer rights. The future of IUD lawsuits is uncertain and will depend on the outcomes of ongoing litigation, settlements, and changes in regulation.

Ultimately, the legal battles surrounding IUDs may have far-reaching impacts on access to birth control and the safety of these devices for millions of users.